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Showing posts with the label Roaming

802.11 Roaming Variations Cheatsheet

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I recently saw a very interesting post from Gjermund Raaen about Fast Secure Roaming, where he discusses OKC and 802.11r. This reminded me of some roaming issues I had recently observed with OKC myself, which got me looking up information to refresh my memory on a variety of roaming methods and standards.

While looking in to the issue, I came across a classic blog post from Andrew Von Nagy about 802.11 roaming. It provides a superb summary of various roaming and security methods. I've read the post several times in the past, but thought that I would really benefit from a summary of its content to act as a memory jogger, rather than reading through the whole document again. For me, things get a little hazy when I start trying to remember the intricacies of the differences between EAP session resumption, PMK caching, OKC and PMK.

To save myself some time for the next time I go through this loop, I put together a summary (Cheatsheet) of the content of the roaming variations post. If…

What Are Sticky Clients?

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One term you'll often hear banded about when talking with Wi-Fi professionals is "sticky clients". I thought it might be worth spending a few moments exploring what is meant by "sticky clients", why they are generally considered to be a bad thing in Wi-Fi networks and some approaches to mitigate them.

Background Many folks dealing with Wi-Fi networks often talk about the "sticky" characteristics of wireless clients when discussing client roaming within a W-iFi network. In an ideal world, we'd like to have access points providing ubiquitous coverage across our desired area providing high-quality, consistent client coverage where-ever we go. In this wonderful land of rainbows and unicorns, our clients would gracefully roam from AP to AP, detecting and associating with their closest AP throughout the coverage area to ensure their best connection speed at all times. Unfortunately, the real world doesn’t quite reflect this roaming-client-Nirvana and is al…